Gum Grafting in Worcester, MA
Take a look at your smile in a mirror. Do some of your teeth look a bit longer than usual? Are these same teeth sensitive to foods and beverages that are hot or cold? If so, then you may be experiencing gum recession, a condition that exposes sensitive teeth roots. The solution to this problem is sometimes a procedure called gum grafting, a type of periodontal surgery that rebuilds your gum line in order to cover exposed roots and create a balanced smile. Gum grafting in Worcester is a commonly performed treatment here at Handsman & Haddad Periodontics. Read on to learn more about gum recession and gum grafting.
The Reason Behind Gum Recession
Periodontal, or gum, disease is most often the cause of gum recession. Gum disease starts out as gingivitis. This stage is usually recognized by red and swollen gums that may bleed when you brush or floss your teeth. Without proper treatment—a more stringent oral hygiene practice at home or an in-office procedure known as scaling and root planing—gingivitis can lead to periodontitis. In this phase of the disease, the bacteria that cause gum disease become more and more destructive. You begin to notice that your gums begin to stretch away from your teeth, causing receding gums and teeth that look longer.
A few more reasons for receding gums include:
- Bruxism (teeth grinding and clenching), which places more pressure on gum tissue
- Using a toothbrush with hard bristles or exerting too much force when you brush
- Bite misalignment
- Tongue and lip piercings that can irritate delicate gum tissue
Grafting To Repair Injured Gum Tissue
A gum graft can also be called a gingival graft or periodontal plastic surgery. By any name, this is a surgical periodontal procedure meant to cover an exposed tooth root surface with grafted oral tissue. , Dr. Handsman or Dr. Jenny will surgically remove a small piece of tissue from the roof of your mouth or another nearby location. This tissue is attached to the area where gum recession has exposed your tooth roots. This tissue graft works to halt the progress of gum recession and give you a more attractive looking gum line.
The more common forms of gum graft surgery are:
- Free Gingival Graft, which uses a layer of tissue from the palate to thicken gum tissue in an area of recession
- Subepithelial Connective Tissue Graft, performed to covered exposed tooth roots
- Acellular dermal matrix allograft, which uses medically processed and donated human tissue for the graft